According to UNCTAD's World Investment Report 2015, Canada is in the top 10 prospective host economies for multinational enterprises in 2015 – 17. Canada received foreign direct investment inflows of USD53.9 billion in 2014; investment into Canada is primarily focussed in the manufacturing, mining oil and gas industries.
Canada ranked 14th in the World Bank's 2016 Doing Business rankings, down one place from 13th in the year prior. Canada ranked in the top 10 for each of the following categories: Starting a Business (third), Protecting Minority Investors (sixth), Getting Credit (seventh) and Paying Taxes (ninth).
Key facts about starting a business in Canada:
Canada's attractiveness as an investment location can be attributed to a number of factors, including its highly qualified workforce and business friendly environment. Nevertheless, in order to make an informed decision, it is critical to understand the nuances of any local regime. The manner in which people conduct business in Canada may differ from the home countries of investors. Furthermore, variations on these distinctions may exist depending on the region and industry in which a company operates.
Canada's official languages are English and French. However, a number of other languages are widely spoken. Business culture and structures may vary depending on the region in Canada.
Business attire is conservative. Punctuality is expected when doing business in Canada. A handshake is the typical business greeting for both French and English Canadians. Business cards will usually be exchanged after the initial introduction.
Those looking to establish a business in Canada may look across North America for alternative options. However, Canada can be differentiated on the following factors:
Canada's liberal foreign investment policy and business friendly regulation contribute to its reputation as a good destination for FDI. Nevertheless, businesses operating in Canada may still face challenges due to restrictions on investment in certain sectors. Businesses should also remain aware that Canada has a mix of federal and provincial laws. Furthermore, while in most of Canada the legal systems are based on common law, in Quebec, the legal system is based on civil law; further details on Canadian law can be found in the Legal chapter.
This guide has been developed to provide businesses with an overview of Canada, its legal regime, start-up and market entry considerations, tax and customs requirements and a general summary of the factors that may affect the decision to do business in Canada. However, the information contained in this document is generic in nature and you should not act or rely on it without obtaining specific professional advice.
Please note that the Country Guides may only be available in English.
|1||Canada Business Registration|
|2||Canada Revenue Agency|
|3||Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA)|
|4||Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)|
|5||Canadian Intellectual Property Office|
|6||Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada|
|7||Canadian Trade Commissioner Service|
|8||Employment and Social Development Canada|
|1||UNCTAD World Investment Report|
|2||World Bank Rankings|
Download Country Guide - Canada (1.28MB, PDF)
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